Due to the complexity of both the regional geography and history as well its crafts, the province of Cadiz has a rich and varied local culture.
- Basket-making: The soil of the province of Cadiz is extremely rich due to its exceptional climate. This provides an ideal habitat for all types of vegetation: from those plants which require a dry atmosphere to those which grow in swampy, humid areas.
Several of these plants are can be used for sowing, platting or shredded after having been submitted to a transformation process. The most important of these plants is the “palmito” (palm heart) as it is the most abundant in this area and a large culture surrounds it, due to the large number of weavers that work with it and the diversity forms it can be used for.
Olive tree wands, wicker, cane and rush are all part of a group of trees, bushes and plants, the wands and canes of which are cut into thin strips and used in basket-making.
These baskets have been used for many things over the centuries from sieves used to clean sea food to transporting clothes.
Palm, esparto, bulrush and pita fibres are the main wild plants that are woven after having been submitted to different processes.
Men have used these materials for many centuries. This fact has been proven by archaeologists as well as by historians and ethnographers.
The construction of huts, the confection of pastoral clothing as well as several homely artefacts are more than sufficient proof of how men have made the best of these materials throughout history and continue to do so in our modern world. In Cadiz, this is especially true in rural areas.
Some of examples of these brushwork artefacts are, for example, mats, cheese moulds and baskets, among others.
* Pottery: The traditional wooden winch used in pottery was buried in the ground, inside a round masonry wall and formed by two wheels joined by a wooden axis with a wooden bench, where the potter sits.
This tool is used to make all types of pottery and irons are used to mark pitchers, tiles, etc. Clay is also used to make jugs and jars used to store water and wine.