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   NATURAL HISTORY  

Parque Nacional de Sierra Nevada. Parque Natural Sierra de Grazalema. Parque Natural Entorno de Doñana. Parque Natural Bahía de Cádiz. Parque Natural Sierra de Tejeda, Almijara y Alhama. Parque Natural Sierra de Cazorla. Página Principal parques Naturales de Andalucía.

 

 

Natural History
Doñana, declared a National Park in 1969, is one of the most important protected areas in Andalucía and Europe's largest nature reserve. Its particular aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, (wetlands, dunes, stabilized sand or "cotos", beaches, bush ...) confer on this park the specific characteristics to host a unique biodiversity, especially some iconic species such as the endangered Iberian Lynx and the Imperial Eagle. The marsh is an outstanding stopping off point, breeding and wintering area for thousands of European and African birds, which makes it a highly valued ecosystem. The result of man's ancestral activity in an area with unique characteristics, it is characterized by its fragility in certain spheres.

The marshes of Bonanza  are to be found in the town of Sanlucar de Barrameda in Cádiz, near the mouth of the Guadalquivir River. It is a strip of natural marsh that is flooded with the tides, unlike the rest of the marshes of the Guadalquivir that only receive rain water from some streams. These days there are still salt works in these marshes, which are visited by flamingoes and the avocet looking for food and shelter.


Flora.
The difficult conditions found in this ecosystem are made evident by the fact that some plant species have had to adapt to special conditions like moving sand dunes. This moving Dune ecosystem, also known as “Dune trains” is almost nonexistent in other parts of the Iberian Peninsula as they are a result of the strong south-west wind. The burial of vegetation, especially trees that later emerge dead; by the slow movement of sand is one of the best known phenomena in the park beach area.

 

Fauna.
20 species of freshwater fish, 11 of amphibians, 21 reptiles, 37 non-marine mammals and 360 bird species, of which 127 regularly breed in the Park, have been catalogued. There are native fish such as eels and introduced species like carp, mosquito fish and pike  living in Doñana. Flamingoes and Avocet are also characteristic of the area.

 

 
   
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