Cazorla is one of the largest natural parks in Spain, a Biosphere
Reserve, a National hunting area and Special Protection Area for
Birds, with elevations above 2,000 meters at the peak
of Empanadas (2,106 mts.), and a
succession of hills and gorges, valleys and plateaus that are the source
of the Segura and Guadalquivir rivers.
Its undoubted wealth is supplemented by 36 species of mammals,
mountain goats, deer, fallow deer and mouflon. Otters, genets,
martens and foxes, stand out among the carnivores and also wild boar,
polecats and badgers.
Among the excursions and visits you can enjoy in the park, with your
own vehicle or by hiring 4x4 vehicle excursions with a driver-guide you
can enter restricted areas of the Park where only authorized visitors
can enter, the following stand out:
The Lakes and springs of the Borosa River
Duration: 5½-6 hrs.
Itinerary: Los Collados, "Nava del Espino", "Nava de San
Pedro", where Rodríguez de la Fuente filmed “El Macho Montés”,
Collado Bermejo, where the restricted area begins, "Laguna de
Valdeazores" where we can encounter coots and mallards,
“laguna de Aguas Negras". (Day trip). Descent of the Borosa
When we reach La Laguna de Aguas Negras,(the Black Water
Lagoon), via the Borosa river, you can cross the Picon del Haza
through tunnels and descend through a limestone
relief seeing waterfalls and natural pools, including the Cerrado
de Elías, a sump hole formed by the river. After 11 kms on
foot (4 hours.) you will arrive at a fish farm.
Distance: 100 km, 50 by forest roads, about 13 km of which are
in the restricted zone.
Leonado vulture hide Springs of the Guadalquivir Chorro
Approximate duration: 4½ hrs.
Directions: Next to Castril Vadillo the path begins- a path that goes
through an impressive limestone
gorge, which follows the river Guadalquivir, (Cerrada del
Utrero), this path is optional. At certain times of
year the beautiful "Linarejos" waterfall can be seen. By car, we head on
to the historic”Blacksmith’s Bridge” (15th Cent.), follow a forest
track near the "Yellow Creek,” to reach the source of the
River Guadalquivir,(1400 mts altitude). Go up the "Puerto Lorente"
pass, at almost 1800mts, and descend to the "Chorro", where it is easy
to find Leonado vultures and owls. Continue to "Riogazas",
leaving behind beautiful views of the "Montesión monastery", the
"Gilillo", the "Rock of the Hawks", the "Ermita de la Virgen de la Cabeza"
as well as a breathtaking view of Cazorla.
Tour: 90 km total, 65km on forest roads.
Torre del Vinagre, Cerrado de Utrero, the Hunting Park and el
Duration: 9 hrs.
Directions: Depending on the starting point, you will
visit the Valley Viewing point, from which you can see the
whole valley of the Guadalquivir River, the tour continues on to
visit the historic Blacksmith’s Bridge, (15th century). The
next place to visit is the Path of Cerrada de Utrero, (a green way
1,730 mts long with beautiful views of the
waterfall and the steep Linarejos sump formed
by the Guadalquivir).And further down the valley, you will
find the Arroyo Frio Ethnological Museum and behind
it the Interpretative Centre and "Torre del Vinagre” Nature
(The lunch stop will be wherever it is programmed to take
place).The Museum is next to the Botanical Garden,
stopping to visit both places will take approximately
one hour. There is also the possibility, depending on time, of
visiting the Borosa River Waterway Interpretation
Centre. The next visit is to the Hunting Park, where you
can admire big game species in the National Hunting
Reserve. Continuing on towards the Tranco reservoir, one must
then walk about 1,600 mts. along a path through
the wildlife park.
Route: 110 to 125 kms.
The Cazorla Natural Park is also surrounded by a large number of
interesting towns to visit. Here we highlight some of them:
Cazorla the county town, is well known due to the charms of
the mountains. Cazorla has developed an inland tourism linked
to nature and the Cazorla Natural Park. It is interesting to walk through
its streets and squares as well as to visit to the Ruins of Santa Maria
Church, the Plaza Huevo, (Egg Square), and the tapas bars as well as
the many restaurants that offer local cuisine at good prices.
La Iruela Cazorla. Located at 922 mts. above sea level, it covers an
area of 123.5 square km and has a population of 2,031 inhabitants. It
is believed to have been founded about 500 BC by the Túrdulos. An
absolute must in any tour is the castle, the most prominent feature of
which is the keep surrounded by walls built on rock which enclose a
small yard and a second area formed by the remains of several
towers and walls anchored on rocky outcrops.
Fontanar. Fontanar (Pozo Alcon) owes its name to the infinite natural
water spring on which it sits. Because of its uniqueness
and natural beauty it is an absolute marvel...
HISTORIC “LA ALMAZARA”(Olive oil Mill) AND THE OIL MUSEUM
The sensation you have when visiting this Olive oil mill-museum, is that
you have taken a step back in time. You can imagine people, so many
years ago, using these tools, working hard to produce olive oil.
The oil, once obtained, was deposited in connected vessels, putting
water at the bottom. Thanks to the buoyancy of the oil it passed along
from one to another, allowing impurities to fall to the bottom.
However, it continued to be refined by passing through
intercommunicated tanks, installed in the ground.
This iconic city was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco. It has an
impressive architectural and artistic collection. Some of the most
important elements are:
• Antiguas Casas Consistoriales. Quintessential public buildings,
the Old Town Hall buildings were remodelling in the
late 16th and early 17th centuries and were clearly influenced
by Italian art.
• La Casa De Las Torres. A mansion which synthesizes and shares
the whole hybrid spectrum of ingredients, specific to an
era of stylistic and ideological transition, as well
as new Renaissance elements.
• Palacio del Dean Ortega. It was precisely in 1550 when the
stonemason Martin Mendiola undertook the project to carry
out the work of tiling the ground floor. In this same year, the
carpenter Juan de Ocon agreed to do the carpentry.
* Santo Domingo Church. There is a legend about it foundation: it is
said that Saint Dominic of Silos helped 150 Christians escape
from captivity in Córdoba in the time of King Fernando III and the
church was erected in his honour.
* The Bullring. The “Plaza de Toros” consists of two floors with a
capacity of 5,000 spectators. It has two main doors, the Great Gate,
with a lintel crowned with a shield representing
bullfighting and another one in the interior dating back to the
sixteenth century, probably from the Convent of San Nicasio.
* La Torre del Reloj.(The Clock Tower), located in the main
square, the Plaza de Andalucía, is a symbolic element of the city,
closely linked to city events
* Baeza Cathedral. This is basically a renaissance building,
although there are some parts from the Middle-
Ages. The religious background of this location goes
back to Roman times when there was a pagan temple and
then a Christian one. Above it, the Muslims built a mosque
that was then transformed into a Christian
church in 1147during the time of King Alfonso VI. This change
occurred when Baeza was conquered, until its loss just
after when the Almohades hit back.
• Santa Cruz de Baeza Church. This is
without doubt the best preserved Roman temple in Baeza and in
Andalucía. We recommend the visitors take their time in visiting it
because in this church you will
find many interesting details that will help you understand the
true historical value of one of the earliest Christian buildings in
Baeza, Jaen and Andalucía.
* Cabecera of San Pedro Church. The ancient church
of San Pedro, built southwest of the cathedral
was converted into private housing. This is probably
because it has virtually
gone unnoticed and undocumented by many art students.
* The Medieval town wall preserves a part of the medieval
wall but it has suffered a partial destruction ordered
by Queen Isabella in 1477 to avoid clashes between the
nobility. The most colourful and important part is the Alitares tower,
This is an ancient tower on the Arab wall. It stood near the Cañuelo
door. There are other remains of the wall such
as the Ubeda, Baeza (Arco de Barbudo) and Jaen entrances and the
Villalar Arch, (built in the sixteenth century to commemorate the victory
of Charles V over the communes of Castile)
* Jabalquinto Palace. Not to be forgotten on a medieval tour
of Baeza is the Jabalquinto Palace dating from the XVth century,
with its magnificent main façade with added Isabelino-Gothic gems,
such as its beautiful windows and the diamond tips protruding from the
We invite visitors who have the time and taste, to wander its streets and
neighbourhoods. Be amazed by the quality of the stone doorways, some
simple some pretentious, many with simple Gentlemen’s coats of arms
over them, some with the crossbow and the Cross of Santiago, symbol
of the famous Religious Company of Crossbowmen, some with a cross
marking ecclesiastical status or as a sign of devotion or as a statement
of loyalty to their new religion made by Jewish converts.