The region of Las Alpujarras includes 48 municipalities, forty of which belong to the province of Granada and the remaining eight to Almeria. The Northern boundary is formed by the line of the Sierra Nevada peaks, the highest being Mulhacen, at 3,478 mts the highest peak in the Iberian Peninsula and the second highest the Veleta. The Western boundary is the Lecrín Valley and the Eastern a line joining Sierra Nevada, Sierra de Gador and the River Andarax delta. To the south, the Mediterranean coast forms the natural southern boundary of the region.
* Bubión is located at the heart of Sierra Nevada, in the well known Poqueira Valley at an altitude of 1350 mts. Its central location gives it stunning views and on clear days you can see both the Mediterranean and Sierra Nevada from the same point. Its Arabic streets and flat roofed houses without chimneys which are well conserved by the local people and its many fountains in nearly in every street make the travelers feel that they are in a privileged place.
* Capileira. Nestled in one of the most extraordinary natural areas in all Granada is the Poqueira ravine. This site, listed as a historical-artistic, is located on the southern slopes of Sierra Nevada and is part of the Natural Park. Located at the foot of the Veleta peak, the slopes contain the villages of Capileira, Pampaneira and Bubión. Capileira enjoys a splendid scenery of lush vegetation and spectacular views.
Dólar. Between the Hoya de Guadix and Northern Sierra Nevada, we find the town of Dolar. Stunning views can be seen from the Chullo, a natural viewing point in the Sierra Nevada National Park. Evidence of its Arabic past is found in an Arabic castle and baths, a must visit along with the Church of the Assumption, the Hermitages of San Andrés and San Antonio.
Granada. Granada, a land with an ancient history, has inherited a rich artistic and cultural heritage from both Muslims and Christians. The variety of artistic styles, the quality of musical and theatrical activities, as well as rich folk traditions, make culture one of the hallmarks of the province and its biggest attraction.
Guadix. One of the oldest human settlements in Spain, today it’s a monumental city with an interesting artistic and historical heritage including its Alcazaba, (Arabic Castle), to its Cathedral.
Huéneja. Nestled in the foothills of the National and Natural Park of Sierra Nevada, with an altitude between 1,000 and 2,700 meters, of especial note both for its aesthetic beauty and for its glacial origin is the high and difficult to reach Laguna, (lake). The Barril del Castillo and the Fortress of Manaiva are also worth a visit.
Jerez del Marquesado. Due to its privileged geographical location and mineral and agricultural wealth, Jerez has long been a place suitable for human settlement. Hence the importance of the historic heritage. From the Nazari period there is a Castle (XIII-XVcentury), located on a rock platform in the river. There are also the remains of a mud wall that binds several towers built with visible stone and mortar. We also find several medieval towers dotted around the town. A significant historical landmark is "La Cruz Blanca de la Eras", a monument to the visit of the Catholic Monarchs in 1489. The third century BC Iberian remains located on the Rock of Alrutar, as well as the Tarso-Roman and Visigoth archaeological remains near the mines of Santa Costanza are also of note.
La Calahorra. The profile of its beautiful castle crowning a hill overlooking the village can be seen long before reaching La Calahorra. It is the most notable monument of the town and a tribute to its history. Another monument of interest is its parish church, dedicated to the Annunciation of the Virgin and Holy Christ, which was built to replace a previous shrine dedicated to the town's patron, San Gregorio.
Lanjarón. At 48 km. from Granada and about 35 km. from the coast of Granada, Lanjaron has been the most important mineral water spa in Andalucia since the seventeenth century. With a population of 4,500 inhabitants it is situated on the Bordaila hills on the slopes of Sierra Nevada.
Órgiva. Situated at the confluence of the Guadalfeo river and its tributary the Chico River it is considered the capital of the region of the Alpujarras. . In the village, amongst the steep, narrow streets, stand the twin towers of the main church. Other interesting buildings with historical and artistic value are: The Palace of the Condes de Sástago, with its tower topped by 26 turrets, the Ermita de San Sebastián, which was built on top of an ancient Visigoth fortress in the late sixteenth century and the Almoravid ruins of a fort known as El Castillejo. This is located three km south of Orgiva, in the hamlet of Barranco de ElCastillejo.
* Pampaneira. It is located in the High Alpujarras hills in part of the Poqueira ravine. The municipality covers approximately 18 km2, elongated from north to south on the southern side of Sierra Nevada. It occupies an area from the Casillas de los Moros mountain spine, at 3085 mts, to the confluence of the Trevélez and Poqueira rivers, at 450 mts, with an evidently enormous difference in altitude.
Trevélez. This is the highest village in Spain, at 1,476 mts in the central Church Square. The difference in height between the three neighborhoods of the town-High, Middle and Lower- is 200 metres.
* Pampaneira. Se encuentra ubicado en la Alta Alpujarra granadina, formando parte del conocido Barranco de Poqueira. El término municipal comprende aproximadamente 18 Km2, disponiéndose de forma alargada en dirección Norte-Sur sobre la cara meridional de Sierra Nevada. Este territorio ocupa desde la Loma de las Casillas de los Moros, a unos 3085 metros de altitud, hasta la zona de confluencia de los ríos Poqueira y Trevélez, a unos 450 metros, quedando patente la enorme diferencia altitudinal que encontramos en este municipio.