Natural History.
The Sierras of Alhama, Tejeda and Almijara constitute an impressive mountain range forming a  geographical barrier between the provinces of Malaga and Granada.

The Sierras of Almijara and Tejeda are located on the Malaga side in the heart of the region of Axarquia. Alhama covers the westernmost part of the province of Granada. From the peak of Tejeda it's possible to see, from its 2,065 metres above sea level, some spectacular views of the Mediterranean coast and the mountains nearby.

Rivers and streams descend rapidly down the slopes of these mountains, offering spectacular waterfalls and petrified forests, where old tree trunks have been petrified by mineralized limestone water. Water erosion has also created impressive cliffs, called Cahorros. Other geological elements that stand out are the Nerja Cave, a National Monument and the abyss of Maroma.
Although this has been a culturally diverse area over the centuries, the Sierras have a strong Muslim heritage, with white villages scattered through valleys and mountains with difficult access.


These hills are dominated by the white and grey tones of its ridges and ravines, a consequence of the abundant marble of the area.

Spa Oleo Salud

Spa Oleo Salud


Pine trees dominate the scenery, growing on the white sands left by the erosion of the marble. This has allowed the growth of Aleppo, Wild, Corsican and even Salgareño pine stands, all with very different requirements, from experimental repopulation in the past. Also, as with trees and shrubs, the range goes from the Palmetto (Chamaerops humilis), Brier (Maytenus senegalensis), Bayon (Osyris quadripartite), Revientacabras (Cneorum tricoccum) or the Boxwood (Buxus balerarica) characteristic of the nearby coastline, to the wild Service tree (Sorbus aria), Durum (Amelanchier ovalis), Sweet Durum (Cotoneaster granatensis), Ash (Adenocarpus decorticans), Turkey oak (Quercus pyrenaica) or Aza (Acer granatense) that inhabit the shadowy parts of the mountains and high peaks along with the thorny scrubland dominated by Broom, Chamaephytes and Rascaviejas such as Vella spinosa, Prunus prostrata, Erinacea Anthyllis, Astragalus granatensis, Echinospartum boissieri, Genista spinosa and Hormatophylla lobelii .. There is a small Tejeda, a unique relic of what once covered these mountains so densely that they were named  after it and whose main value lies in its being the southernmost specimen in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the best in the Andalucian region. Also noteworthy are the Juniper (Juniperus phoenicea) and Ephedra (Ephedra fragilis) stands. Not to be forgotten is the broad range of endemic herbaceous plants typical of these sands and rocks.


Amongst these expanses of trees and rocks it's easy to find great eagles in flight, such as the Royal or Bonelli eagles. Of great interest is the wild goat population, a species exclusive to the Iberian peninsula, the Park having one of the largest populations in the country.

With respect to the fauna, its main importance lies in the longitudinal extent of the rock mass, connecting the mountains of Malaga with the neighboring Sierra Nevada and acting as an important element in the ridge formed by the Betic mountains which connects the Gibraltar Area with the east of the peninsula. A clear example of this corridor effect has been the recent colonization of the territory by the common squirrel, which has colonized these mountains from one to extreme to the other in less than three years. In this world of trees and rocks, we have to highlight its bird fauna. Of note is the presence of large eagles (Royal, Bonelli, Booted and Toad eagles), Peregrine falcons and hawks, nightjars, forest birds as well as peak and mountain birds, especially the wheatear (Black, Gray and Blonde wheatear ), the Red roquero, the Solitary roquero and the Alpine Accentor.

But undoubtedly the most popular animal in these mountains is the mountain goat. This icon of Iberian fauna, which was once on the brink of extinction, is now having a hay day. In the case of Tejeda-Almijara, regulating hunting of this species via a National Game Reservation has allowed the initially low existing population to increase tenfold over a period of twenty years, with about 1,500 animals on only the Malaga side of the mountain.

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